In the world of ETFs, tracking errors refer to the difference between the actual returns of the fund and the returns of the benchmark index it has its underlying stocks in. … Since these funds mirror the performance of the stocks on a particular index, the values of the fund and the index are almost the same.
What is a good tracking error?
Theoretically, an index fund should have a tracking error of zero relative to its benchmark. Enhanced index funds typically have tracking errors in the 1%-2% range. Most traditional active managers have tracking errors around 4%-7%.
Is tracking error good or bad?
From an investor’s point of view, tracking error can be used to evaluate portfolio managers. If a manager is realizing low average returns and has a large tracking error, it is a sign that there is something significantly wrong with that investment and that the investor should most likely find a replacement.
Is tracking error important?
Importance of Tracking Error
Tracking error is one of the most important measures used to assess the performance of a portfolio, as well as the ability of a portfolio manager to generate excessive returns and beat the market or the benchmark.
What is ETF tracking difference?
Tracking difference is the discrepancy between ETF performance and index performance. … That’s because a number of factors prevent the ETF from perfectly mimicking its index. ETF returns don’t always trail their index though; tracking difference can be small or large, positive or negative.
What does a tracking error of 1 mean?
So, for example, we could say a portfolio has a tracking error relative to its benchmark of 1% per year. For a portfolio with a normal distribution of excess returns and an annualized tracking error of 1%, we would expect its return to be within 1% of its benchmark return approximately two out of every three years.
Is tracking error a concern for fixed income ETFs?
Although rarely considered by the average investor, tracking errors can have an unexpected material effect on an investor’s returns. It is important to investigate this aspect of any ETF index fund before committing any money to it.
How do you interpret tracking errors?
Interpreting the Tracking Error
A fund manager is said to perform well if they are able to replicate the return earned on the target index. The larger the difference between the index fund return and the target index return, the higher the tracking error. A large tracking error may be indicative of poor performance.
Do actively managed ETFs have tracking error?
Tracking error is the variance between a portfolio’s returns and an index’s returns. Index funds have low tracking error and actively managed funds have high tracking error.
How do you track ETFs?
How to monitor ETF performance
- Compare it to other ETFs. …
- Compare it to its benchmark. …
- Add up the fees. …
- Disclosure documents. …
- Review account statements. …
- Consult your advisor. …
- Follow stock market news. …
- General economic news.
How does an ETF track an index?
With a physical ETF, the ETF provider attempts to track an index by buying the underlying assets of the index with the same weight as in the index, in order to mirror its rise and fall (full replication). If the ETF provider only invests in a selection of the assets, this is called sampling.
Can tracking error negative?
Tracking difference, which can be positive or negative, tells you the extent to which a fund has out- or underperformed its benchmark index. … Because a fund’s NAV total return includes fund expenses, tracking difference typically is negative for index funds.
What is tracking error of a portfolio?
Tracking error, also known as active risk, measures, in standard deviation, the fluctuation of returns of a portfolio relative to the fluctuation of returns of a reference index. It is a measure of the risk in an investment portfolio arising from active management decisions made by the portfolio manager.
Is tracking error Annualized?
Tracking Error (also known as ‘active risk’) is the annualized standard deviation of excess return to the benchmark. Like R-Squared, Tracking Error is calculated using the common date range of the benchmark and the weighted portfolio return series.
What is tracking error volatility?
Tracking Error is a measure of how well the fund tracks the benchmark during the investment period. It is a measure of volatility. A small tracking error indicates that the passive fund will tend to follow its benchmark very closely throughout, whereas a large tracking error indicates the opposite.
What is the difference between tracking error and Alpha?
The perception is that tracking error (standard deviation of Alpha) is a measure of Alpha risk. It is assumed that more return can only be earned through more risk and that lower tracking error is a recipe for lower Alpha.